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DSL vs. Fiber: Main Differences

By Anna Ellison
July 06, 2020

There are a lot of options when it comes to choosing an internet service provider. From knowing what providers are in your area to understanding what internet speed you need, there are many factors worth weighing to make your final decision. But what about internet connection type? Wireless, DSL, cable, satellite, and fiber optic are just a few high-speed internet connections you’ve probably heard of, but probably don’t know how they differ, or which one might be best for your lifestyle. Don’t worry, you’re not alone. In this article, we’ll break down the differences between two popular choices — DSL and fiber optic internet.

What is DSL Internet?

DSL internet cables

 

DSL, or digital subscriber line, is an internet connection that transfers data using the copper telephone lines already installed in most homes and businesses. DSL separates connections from your phone, so you can use the internet and home phone at the same time — no dial-up tones needed.

How is DSL Installed?

To install DSL you will need a landline phone connection, a modem to receive internet signals, and a router to connect those signals to your devices. DSL can be self-installed or done professionally by your provider.

What is Fiber Optic Internet?

fiber optic internet cables

 

Fiber internet is a connection that transfers data through fiber optic cables. These “cables” are thin, transparent glass fibers that transmit data that has been converted into light signals.

How is Fiber Installed?

Fiber installation is more complicated than DSL. First, you need to live in an area that offers fiber internet connections. If fiber is available in your area, the provider will bring fiber cables from their existing network to your home and a main fiber terminal will be set up in your neighborhood. An Optical Network Terminal connected outside of your house receives the light signals from the fiber optic cables and transfers the signals through an ethernet cable connected to a router, which then connects to your devices.

DSL vs. Fiber Speeds

DSL is one of the slower internet connections, but is still faster than dial-up. On the other hand, fiber is the Usain Bolt of broadband internet — the fastest connection & speed available.

DSL Download Speeds: .5 - 35 Mbps on average

Good for activities like: light web browsing, sending and receiving emails, streaming videos on one or two devices, and light gaming

Fiber Download Speeds: 250 - 1,000 Mbps on average

Good for activities like: heavy internet usage, streaming HD or 4K videos on multiple devices simultaneously, online multiplayer gaming, and live-stream gaming like on Twitch

 

Pros and Cons of DSL


Pros
Doesn’t require new wiring - uses phone lines
Available in rural areas
Connection isn’t slowed down by neighbors

Cons
Speed depends on how close you are to provider’s central office
Service not available everywhere
Not the fastest high-speed internet option

 

Pros and Cons of Fiber


Pros
Faster connection speed and carrying capacity than DSL and cable
More secure from cyber crimes
Not vulnerable to inclement weather damage, and human or electrical interference

Cons
Not widely available, offered by select internet service providers
Requires new infrastructure and professional installation
Speed can be slower during “peak” hours
Typically costs more than DSL and cable

 

DSL and fiber are on two different ends of the broadband spectrum, but one isn’t necessarily better than the other. There are pros and cons to both of these high-speed internet connections, and the best one for you will depend on where you live, your internet habits, budget, and ultimately what providers are available near you. Use our internet service provider search tool below to get started!

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Written By
Anna Ellison

Anna is a writer for the HighSpeedOptions team focusing on streaming. She started her career as a content writer in 2017, working one year in the fintech industry before joining the mobile ad tech space with HighSpeedOptions’ parent company, AdAction. In the wild, you can find Anna hiking in the Rocky Mountains, or working on her hot dog travel blog.

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